Native Fruiting Plants

Native fruiting plants are adapted to our area and generally have an advantage over other fruiting plants that have evolved in other parts of North America or the world.

1)  They are generally more disease resistant.

2)  They are more tolerant or resistant to drought conditions.   Of course they are also hardy in our cold climate – zone 5 or zone 6 (depending on the warming trend).

3)  The combined factors above means that these plants will require less care if placed in a proper location.

Many of the native and non-native fruiting plants that can be grown here are listed and briefly described on the Fruit Variety Comparison spreadsheet.   Listed below are many of the natives that can be easily grown.  We may develop a specific document on native fruiting plants in the future.    For detailed descriptions, we recommend The Kemper Home Gardening database amongst other useful resources listed in our Fruit and Plant Info page.

 

Small berry plants

Blackberry – Rubus ostryifolius –

Buffalo Berry – Shepherdia argentea – Native to the Great Plains but fits in nicely here. Plants are male or female.

Currant, Buffalo (Clove Currant) – Ribes odoratum –  A strong clove fragrance is produced from yellow blooms in the spring.

Currant, Golden  – Ribes aureum 

Dewberry – rubus sp.

Elderberry – Sambucus canadensis

Gooseberry – Ribes missouriense

Grape – Vitis riparia

Juneberry/Serviceberry – Amelanchier arborea

Raspberry, Black – rubus occidentalis

Rose – Rosa sp – a few native species including Rosa setigera, Rosa Arkansana, etc.

Strawberry – Frageria sp.

Sumac – Rhus sp. – may be more useful for wildlife

 

Nuts

Butternut – Juglans cinerea

Hazelnut – Corylus Americana

Hickory, Shagbark  – Carya ovata

Hickory, Bitternut  – Carya cordiformis

Hickory, Mockernut – Carya tomentosa

Hickory, Kingnut  – Carya lacinosa

Pecan – Carya illinoensis

Walnut, Black – Juglans nigra

 

Larger fruiting trees

Cherry, Black  – Prunus serotina

Cherry, Sand – Prunus besseyi

Cherry, Choke – Prunus virginiana

Crabapple, Prairie – Malus ioensis – It is prone to cedar apple rust issues.

Hackberry- Celtis occidentalis- the flesh of this tiny fruit is among the sweetest. reminiscent of dates.

Hawthorne, Cockspur – Crataegus crus-galli and other species.

Maple, Silver – Acer saccharinum

Maple, Sugar – Acer saccharum

Mulberry, red – Morus rubra

Pawpaw – asimina triloba

Persimmon, Wild – Diospyros virginiana

Plum, Wild – Prunus Americana – There are other similar species including P. hortulana, P. mexicana and P. munsoniana (Wild Goose Plum).

Plum, Chickasaw/Sandhill – Prunus angustifolia – grows in sandy areas.